Karl Marx
KARL MARX  Macroknow Library

Capital. Volume 1. "The restless never-ending process of profit-making alone is what [the capitalist] aims at. This boundless greed after riches, this passionate chase after exchange-value, is common to the capitalist and the miser; but while the miser is merely a capitalist gone mad, the capitalist is a rational miser."1a

"The capitalist knows that all commodities, however scurvy they may look, or however badly they may smell, are in faith and in truth money, inwardly circumcised Jews, and what is more, a wonderful means whereby out of money to make more money."1b [Karl Marx was born of a German-Jewish family converted to Christianity2a] SPENGLER SUZUKI

"The Roman slave was held by fetters: the wage-labourer is bound to his owner by invisible threads. The appearance of independence is kept up by means of a constant change of employers, and by the fictio juris of a contract."1c ZINN

"The capitalist system presupposes the complete separation of the labourers from all property in the means by which they can realise their labour. . .
The so-called primitive accumulation, therefore, is nothing else than the historical process of
divorcing the producer from the means of production."1d

Capital. Volume 3. "[T]the pioneering entrepreneurs generally go bankrupt, and it is only their successors who flourish, thanks to their possession of cheaper buildings, machinery etc. Thus it is generally the most worthless and wretched kind of money-capitalists that draw the greatest profit from all new developments of the universal labour of the human spirit and their social application by combined labour."2a PASTEUR CARNEGIE POINCARÉ SCHUMPETER GHANDI

"Accumulation of capital in the form of the national debt . . . means nothing more than the growth of a class of state creditors with a preferential claim to certain sums from the overall proceeds of taxation."2b JEFFERSON

"The credit system which has its focal point in the allegedly national banks and the big money-lenders and usurers that surround them, is one enormous centralization and gives this class of parasites a fabulous power not only to decimate the industrial capitalists periodically but also to interfere in actual production in the most dangerous manner . . . "2c PLATO KANT JEFFERSON RICARDO ZINN

"'Banking establishments are . . . moral and religious institutions . . . Has [the young tradesman] not trembled to be supposed guilty of deceit or the slightest misstatement, lest it should give rise to suspicion, and his accommodation be in consequence restricted or discontinued? . . . And has not that friendly advice been of more value to him than that of priest'"2d [Quotation from G. M. Bell, a Scottish bank director] KEYNES AYOUB



1 Karl Marx (1818-1883). Capital: An Abridged Edition. Edited with an Introduction by David McLellan. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1995.
From Volume 1
a Part II, Chapter 4: The General Formula for Capital, at 98.
b Part II, Chapter 4: The General Formula for Capital, at 99.
c Part VII, Chapter 23: Simple Reproduction, at 323.
d Part VIII, Chapter 26: The Secret of Primitive Accumulation, at 364.

2 Karl Marx. Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. Volume 3. Translated by David Fernbach with an Introduction by Ernest Mandel. Edition and notes, New Left Review, 1981. Translation, David Fernbach, 1981. Introduction, Ernest Mandel, 1981. London, UK: Penguin Group.
a Marx's biography at 1.
a Chapter 5: Economy in the Use of Constant Capital, at 199.
b Chapter 30: Money Capital and Real Capital: I, at 607.
c Chapter 33: The Means of Circulation under the Credit System, at 678-679.
d Chapter 33, at 679. Quotation from G. M. Bell, a Scottish bank director, in The Philosophy of Joint-Stock Banking, London, 1840, pp. 46, 47.