"Nowadays, anyone who wishes to combat lies and ignorance and
to write the truth must overcome at least five difficulties. He
must have the courage to write the truth when truth is everywhere opposed;
the keenness to recognize it, although it is everywhere concealed; the
skill to manipulate it as a weapon; the judgment
to select those
in whose hands it will be effective; and the
cunning to spread the truth
among such persons."1
Italics in the original.
1 Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956).
"Writing the Truth: Five Difficulties." Translated by Richard Winston. Originally published in the United
States in Twice A Year (New York), Tenth Anniversary Issue, 1948.
a Translation reprinted in Bertolt Brecht,
Galileo. Edited and with an
Introduction by Eric Bentley, 1966. English version by Charles Laughton. Arvid Englind,
1940. Bertolt Brecht, 1952 (Indiana University Press). New York, NY: Grove Press.
(Appendix A, at 133-150.)
b The first version of Brecht's essay was first published in the Pariser
Tagebaltt, December 12, 1934, under the title "Dichter sollen die Wahrheit
schreiben" ("Poets Are to Tell the Truth"). The final version of Brecht's
essay was published in Unsere Zeit (Paris), VIII, Nos. 2/3, April 1935, at 23-24.