Bertolt Brecht
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Ed's Favorite Quotations. Emphasis added. References below.


. "Nowadays, anyone who wishes to combat lies and ignorance and to write the truth must overcome at least five difficulties. He must have the courage to write the truth when truth is everywhere opposed; the keenness to recognize it, although it is everywhere concealed; the skill to manipulate it as a weapon; the judgment to select those in whose hands it will be effective; and the cunning to spread the truth among such persons."1

Bertolt Brecht. Galileo.
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FBI files regarding Bertolt Brecht, available under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), September 30, 1999. Electronic Documents, 369 pages, in PDF at

* Italics in the original.

1 Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956). "Writing the Truth: Five Difficulties." Translated by Richard Winston. Originally published in the United States in Twice A Year (New York), Tenth Anniversary Issue, 1948.
a Translation reprinted in Bertolt Brecht,
Galileo. Edited and with an Introduction by Eric Bentley, 1966. English version by Charles Laughton. Arvid Englind, 1940. Bertolt Brecht, 1952 (Indiana University Press). New York, NY: Grove Press. (Appendix A, at 133-150.)
b The first version of Brecht's essay was first published in the Pariser Tagebaltt, December 12, 1934, under the title "Dichter sollen die Wahrheit schreiben" ("Poets Are to Tell the Truth"). The final version of Brecht's essay was published in Unsere Zeit (Paris), VIII, Nos. 2/3, April 1935, at 23-24.