". . . [S]elf
consciousness is Desire."1a
notion of self-consciousness is only completed
in these three moments: (a) the pure undifferentiated 'I' is
its first immediate object. (b) But this immediacy is itself
an absolute mediation, it is only as a supersession
of the independent object, in other words, it is
Desire. The satisfaction of Desire is, it is
true, the reflection of self-consciousness into itself,
or the certainty that has become truth. (c) But
the truth of this certainty is really a double
reflection, the duplication of self-consciousness."1b
. . . [T]here is posited a pure self-consciousness, and a
consciousness which is not purely for itself but for another . . . The
former is lord, the other is bondsman."1c
[See Edward Ayoub's Quantum Theory
"The masses are the victims
of the deception of a priesthood which, in its
envious conceit, holds itself to be the sole possessor of insight
and pursues its other selfish ends as well. . . From the stupidity
and confusion of the people brought about by the trickery of
priestcraft, despotism, which despises both,
draws for itself the
advantage of undisturbed domination . . . "1d*
English . . . recognize the rational less in the form of
universality than in that of individuality. . . For this
reason, political freedom with the English exists mostly in the
shape of privileges, of rights which are traditional, not
derived from general ideas."3a
the formula, I=I, is enunciated the principle of absolute
Reason and freedom."3b
"Truth aware of what it is,
is mind (spirit)."3c
The Philosophy of
" . . . [W]hat
experience and history teach is this - that peoples and
governments never have learned anything from history . . .
"This is the seal of the
absolute and sublime destiny of man - that he knows what is good and
what is evil; that his Destiny is his very ability
to will either good or evil . . . "4b*
"Nations are what their deeds
"Spirit is immortal: with
it there is no past, no future, but an essential now.
This necessarily implies that the present form of Spirit
comprehends within it all earlier steps."4d*
Italics in the original.
1 G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831).
Translated by A.V. Miller with Analysis of the Text and Foreword by
J.N. Findlay. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1977.
a The Truth of Self-Certainty, at 109.
c Independence and Dependence of Self-Consciousness:
Lordship and Bondage, at 115.
d The Struggle of the Enlightenment with Superstition,
2 G. W. F. Hegel.
Philosophy of Right.
Translated with Notes by T.M. Knox. Oxford, UK: Oxford University
a Coercion and Crime, at 66.
b Police [or the public authority], at 150.
3 G. W. F. Hegel.
Part Three of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences
(1830). Translated by William Wallace. Together with the Zusï¿½tze in
Boumann's Text (1845) translated by A.V. Miller. Foreword by J.N.
Findlay. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1971.
a Anthropology, at 50.
b Self-Consciousness, at 165.
c Reason, at 178.
4 G. W. F. Hegel.
Philosophy of History.
Translated by J. Sibree. Prefaces by Charles Hegel and J. Sibree.
Introduction by C.J. Friedrich. New York, NY: Dover Publications,
a Introduction, at 6.
b Introduction, at 34.
c Introduction, at 74.
d Introduction, at 79.