THEODOR HERZL - BINYAMIN
The Jewish State.
nations in whose midst Jews live are all either covertly
are what the Ghetto made us. We have attained pre-eminence
in finance, because mediaeval conditions drove us to it.
The same process is now being repeated. We are again being
forced into finance, now it is the stock exchange, by
being kept out of other branches of economic activity."1b
we choose Palestine or Argentine? . . .
. . . If His Majesty the Sultan were to give us Palestine, we
could in return undertake to regulate the whole finances
Jewish Company is an organization with a
transitional character. It is strictly a business
undertaking, and must be carefully distinguished from the
Society of Jews. . .
. . . All the immense profits of this speculation in
land will go to the Company, which is bound to receive
this indefinite premium in return for having borne the risk of the
undertaking. . . Financial morality consists in
the correlation of risk and profit."1d
which is already a characteristic of our people, should be
greatly encouraged, because it will, in the first place,
facilitate the rise of individuals to higher grades; and secondly,
the money saved will provide an immense reserve fund
for future loans."1e
places where trade is active, and these places we shall the more
easily discover, since we ourselves direct trade
withersoever we wish, in these places
we shall build
large halls, and call them markets."1f
EDWARD AYOUB'S BRIEF CRITIQUE OF
" . . .
[M]en are ruled by the simple
and the visionary. It is astonishing -- and well known --
with what little understanding the world is governed."2a
"Mesopotamia is attainable.
Church rivalries don't exist there, and it was the original home
of Israel. Abraham came from Mesopotamia; and thus it too provides
us with the mystic bond of tradition.
"It was the same strategy of
spreading out [faire tache d'huile] that N[uri]
developed at Scheveningen."2b
His Majesty the Sultan] "The thorn, as I see it, is your
public debt. If that could be removed, the vitality of
Turkey, in which I have great faith, would develop new strength.
" . . . The great powers who wanted
to keep Turkey weak, would exert all their influence to prevent a
recovery. . . . I would have the operation carried through by my
friends on all the stock exchanges of Europe, provided
I had His Majesty's support. . . I wanted to enlist the active
sympathies of world Jewry in behalf of the Turkish Empire. . . I
continued: 'All that this beautiful land
needs is the industrial activity of our people. In general,
Europeans who come here enrich themselves quickly and then hasten
away with their spoils. An entrepreneur should by all means
make a decent and honest profit, but he ought to remain in the
country where his wealth was acquired.'"2c
. . . There is nothing to be ashamed of in
borrowing money from Jews against security. What else are
the Jews for? Again it doesn't hurt if the security is worth
less than the loan. Why are Jews such fools?"2d
the midst of life there is death.""2e
Italics in the original.
1 Theodor Herzl (1860-1904).
The Jewish State.
Introduction by Louis Lipsky. Mineola, A
Biography based on the work of Alex Bein. NY: Dover
Publications, Inc., 1988. Originally published by the American
Zionist Emergency Council, New York, 1946. Revised translation
published by Scorpus Publishing Company, NY, 1943. 1st
A Jewish State,
translated by Sylvie dï¿½Avigdor, published by Nutt, London,
England, 1896. Original Herzl text published under the title
a II. The Jewish
Question, at 86.
b Ibid., at 86-87.
c Ibid., at 95-96.
d III. The Jewish Company, at 98-101.
e Ibid., at 105.
f IV. Local Groups, at 131.
of Theodor Herzl.
Edited and Translated with an Introduction by Marvin Lowenthal.
The Dial Press, Inc., 1956. Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1978.
Baron de Hirsch, at 15
Uncle Vï¿½mbï¿½ry, at 324.
The Sultan At Last, at 339-340.
Under Italian Skies, at 432-433.
The Last Steps, at 440.