safety of the People, requireth further, from him, or them that
have the Sovereign Power, that Justice be equally administred
to all degrees of People, that is, that as well the rich and
mighty, as poor and obscure persons, may be righted of the
injuries done them . . . "1b
" . . . I put for a generall inclination of all mankind, a
perpetuall and restlesse desire of Power after power,
that ceaseth onely in Death. . . . Competition of Riches, Honour,
Command, or other power, enclineth to Contention, Enmity, and War;
Because the way of one Competitor, to the attaining of
his desire, is to kill, subdue, supplant, or repell the other."1a
"Experience concludeth nothing universally. . . But by this
it is plain, that they shall conjecture best, that have most
experience . . . "2a
all contracts where there is trust, the promise of him that is
trusted, is called a COVENANT."2b
discontent, to the disposing of a man to rebellion .
. . there is required . . . hope of success, which consisteth in
four points: 1. That the discontented have mutual intelligence;
2. that they have sufficient number; 3. that they have
arms; 4. that they agree upon a head."2c
" . . . [T]he power of the mighty hath no foundation but
in the opinion and belief of the people."3a
man] reads that covetousness is the root of all evil;
but he thinks, and sometimes finds, it is the root of his
What did they mean by the fundamental laws of the nation?
A. Nothing but to abuse the people."3c
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). Leviathan
(1651). Edited with an Introduction by C.B. Macpherson. C.B.
Macpherson, 1968. London, England: Penguin Books Ltd., 1985.
Of Man, at 161.
Of Common-Wealth, at 385.
Hobbes. Human Nature and De
Corpore Politico. Edited with an
Introduction by J.C.A. Gaskin, 1994. Oxford, England: Oxford
University Press, 1994.
Part I: Human Nature. Of the Several Kinds of Discursion of the
Mind, at 33.
Part I: Human Nature. Of the Divesting Natural Right by Gift and
Covenant, at 84.
Part II: De Corpore Politico. Of the Causes of Rebellion, at 169.
Thomas Hobbes. Behemoth
or the Long Parliament. Edited by Ferdinand
Tï¿½nnies, with an Introduction by Stephen Holmes. Chicago, IL: The
University of Chicago Press, 1990.
Dialog 1, at 16.
Dialog 1, at 54.
Dialog 4, at 158.