Thomas Hobbes
THOMAS HOBBES  Macroknow Library

Leviathan. " . . . I put for a generall inclination of all mankind, a perpetuall and restlesse desire of Power after power, that ceaseth onely in Death. . . . Competition of Riches, Honour, Command, or other power, enclineth to Contention, Enmity, and War; Because the way of one Competitor, to the attaining of his desire, is to kill, subdue, supplant, or repell the other."1a MONTESQUIEU FRIEDMAN

"The safety of the People, requireth further, from him, or them that have the Sovereign Power, that Justice be equally administred to all degrees of People, that is, that as well the rich and mighty, as poor and obscure persons, may be righted of the injuries done them . . . "1b


Human Nature. "Experience concludeth nothing universally. . . But by this it is plain, that they shall conjecture best, that have most experience . . .  "2a LOCKE HEGEL

"In all contracts where there is trust, the promise of him that is trusted, is called a COVENANT."2b

De Corpore Politico. "Besides discontent, to the disposing of a man to rebellion . . . there is required . . . hope of success, which consisteth in four points: 1. That the discontented have mutual intelligence; 2. that they have sufficient number; 3. that they have arms; 4. that they agree upon a head."2c


Behemoth. " . . . [T]he power of the mighty hath no foundation but in the opinion and belief of the people."3a ZINN

"[Every man] reads that covetousness is the root of all evil; but he thinks, and sometimes finds, it is the root of his estate."3b NEW TESTAMENT

"B. What did they mean by the fundamental laws of the nation?
A. Nothing but to abuse the people."


1 Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). Leviathan (1651). Edited with an Introduction by C.B. Macpherson. C.B. Macpherson, 1968. London, England: Penguin Books Ltd., 1985.
a Of Man, at 161.
b Of Common-Wealth, at 385.

2 Thomas Hobbes. Human Nature and De Corpore Politico. Edited with an Introduction by J.C.A. Gaskin, 1994. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1994.
a Part I: Human Nature. Of the Several Kinds of Discursion of the Mind, at 33.
b Part I: Human Nature. Of the Divesting Natural Right by Gift and Covenant, at 84.
c Part II: De Corpore Politico. Of the Causes of Rebellion, at 169.

3 Thomas Hobbes. Behemoth or the Long Parliament. Edited by Ferdinand T�nnies, with an Introduction by Stephen Holmes. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1990.
a Dialog 1, at 16.
b Dialog 1, at 54.
Dialog 4, at 158.