The Art of War.
art of war, as generally
considered, consists of five purely military branches, --viz.:
Strategy, Grand Tactics, Logistics,
Engineering, and Tactics. A sixth and essential
branch, hitherto unrecognized, might be termed
Diplomacy in its relation to War."1a*
. . . Strategy
is the art of making war upon the map, and comprehends the whole
theater of operations. Grand Tactics is the art of posting
troops upon the battle-field according to the accidents of the
ground, of bringing them into action, and the art of fighting upon
the ground . . . Logistics comprises the means and
arrangements which work out the plans of strategy and tactics.
Strategy decides where to act; logistics brings the
troops to this point; grand tactics decides the manner of
execution and the employment of the troops."1b
" . . .
[T]here is one great principle
underlying all the operations of war, . . . It is embraced in
the following maxims:--
To throw by strategic movements the
mass of an army, successively, upon the decisive
points of a theater of war, and also upon the
communications of the enemy as much as possible without
compromising one's own.
To maneuver to engage fractions of the hostile
army with the bulk of one's forces.
On the battle-field, to throw the mass
of the forces upon the decisive point, or upon that
portion of the hostile line which it is of the first importance
To so arrange that these masses
shall not only be thrown upon the decisive point, but that they
shall engage at the proper times and with
Italics in the original.
Henri de Jomini
The Art of War.
With a new Introduction by Charles Messenger. Lionel Leventhal
Limited, 1992. Introduction, Charles Messenger, 1992. London, UK:
Greenhill Books, 1996. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1996.
Art of War was first published in 1838 as
l'Art de Guerre
(Paris) and was reprinted in 1855 "augmentee d'un appendice."
The English-language translation of 1862 (J.B. Lippincott & Co.,
Philadelphia) was reprinted in 1992 by
Greenhill Books, with an Introduction by
a Summary of the Art of War.
Definitions of the Branches of the Art of War, at 13.
b Chp. III. Strategy. Definition of Strategy and the
Fundamental Principle of War, at 69.
c Ibid., at 70.