Sermones ad Mortuos (Seven
Sermons to the Dead).
The First Sermon
"The dead came back from Jerusalem, where they did not
find what they were seeking. They asked admittance to me and
demanded to be taught by me, and thus I taught them:
Hear Ye: I begin with nothing. Nothing is the same as
fullness. . . The nothing is both empty and full. . .
The Nothing, or fullness, is called by us the PLEROMA. . .
Differentiation is creation. . .
Our essence is differentiation. . ."1a*
The Second Sermon
"During the night the dead stood along the walls and shouted:
'We want to know about God! Where is God? Is God dead?'
--God is not dead; . . .God is a quality of the Pleroma . . .
All things which are brought forth from the Pleroma by
differentiation are pairs of opposites; therefore God always
has with him the Devil. . .
There is a God about whom you know nothing . . . We call him by
his name: ABRAXAS. . .
Abraxas is activity . . .
He is active non-reality . . ."1b*
The Third Sermon
"Abraxas generates truth and falsehood, good and evil . .
. with the same word and in the same deed.
. . . Abraxas . . . is the cosmos; its genesis and
dissolution. To every gift of God-the-Sun, the devil adds
his curse. . .
Such is the terrible Abraxas. . .
He is deceitful reality."1c*
". . .
But what does man possess that God does not have? Because of
his littleness, puniness, and defencelessness against the
Almighty, he possesses . . . a somewhat keener consciousness
based on self-reflection: he must, in order to
survive, always be mindful of his impotence."2a
"But what is Job's guilt? The only thing
he [Job] can be blamed for is his incurable optimism in believing
that he can appeal to divine justice. In this he is mistaken, as
Yahweh's subsequent words prove. God does not want to be just:
he merely flaunts might over right. . ."2b
". . . Job stands morally higher than
Yahweh. In this respect the creature has surpassed the
creator. . . Yahweh must become man precisely because he
has done man a wrong. He, the guardian of justice,
knows that every wrong must be expiated, and Wisdom knows that
moral law is above even him. Because his creature has
surpassed him he must regenerate himself."2c
"Yahweh's intention to become man,
which resulted from his collision with Job, is fulfilled in
Christ's life and suffering."2d
"What kind of father is it who would
rather his son were slaughtered than forgive his ill-advised
creatures who have been corrupted by his precious Satan?"2e
"Like Job, he [John] saw the fierce
and terrible side of Yahweh. For this reason he felt his
gospel of love to be one-sided, and he supplemented it with
the gospel of fear [the Book of Revelation]: God
can be loved but must be feared."2f*
"By the introverted and extraverted types
I distinguish two general classes of men, which can be further
subdivided into function-types, i.e., thinking,
feeling, sensation, and intuitive types.
Hence an introvert can be either a thinking or feeling type,
since feeling as well as thinking can come under the supremacy of
the idea, just as both can be dominated by the object."3a
". . .
[T]he whole essence of consciousness is
discrimination, distinguishing ego from non-ego,
subject from object, positive from negative, and so forth. The
separation into pairs of opposites is entirely due to
conscious differentiation . . ."3b
"The really fundamental
subject, the self, is far more comprehensive than
the ego, since the former includes the
unconscious whereas the latter is essentially the
point of consciousness."3c
"I regard intuition
as a basic psychological function . . . It is
function that mediates perceptions in an unconscious way."3d
"I myself am so
profoundly convinced of the uniformity of the psyche that I
have even summed it up in the
concept of the collective
unconscious, as a universal and homogeneous substratum whose
uniformity is such that one finds the same myth and fairytale
motifs in all corners of the earth . . ."3e
"The conscious psyche
is an apparatus for adaptation and orientation, and consists of a
number of different psychic functions. Among these we can
distinguish four basic ones: sensation, thinking,
I include all perceptions by means of the sense organs; by
thinking I mean the function of intellectual cognition
and the forming of logical conclusions; feeling is a
function of subjective valuation; intuition I take
as perception by way of the unconscious, or perception
of unconscious content."3f
there are no introverts and extraverts pure and simple,
but only introverted and extraverted function-types, such as
thinking types, sensation types, etc."3g
"I distinguish four
functions: thinking, feeling, sensation,
and intuition. The essential function of
sensation is to establish that something exists,
thinking tells us what it means, feeling what
its value is, and intuition surmises whence it
comes and whither it goes. Sensation and intuition I call
irrational functions, because they are both concerned simply with
what happens and with actual or potential realities. Thinking and
feeling, being discriminative functions, are rational."3h
"It is not the
purpose of a psychological typology to classify human
beings into categories -- this in itself would be pretty
pointless. Its purpose is rather to provide a critical psychology
which will make a methodical investigation and presentation of the
empirical material possible."3i
Italics in the original.
1 Stephan A. Hoeller.
Gnostic Jung and the Seven Sermons to the Dead.
Stephan A. Hoeller, 1982. Publication made possible with the
assistance of the Kern Foundation. Wheaton, IL: The Theosophical
Publishing House, a department of the Theosophical Society in
a The First Sermon, at 44-48.
b The Second Sermon, at 48-50.
c The Third Sermon, at 50-52.
C. G. Jung. Answer to Job.
50th-Aniversary Edition. Translated by R.F.C. Hunt.
Bollingen Foundation, New York, NY, 1958. Princeton University
Press, 1969 (2nd Edition), 1973 (Editorial Note).
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
a II, at 13.
b II, at 16.
c VI, at 43.
d VII, at 47.
e X, at 56.
f XV, at 88.
3 Carl Gustav
Jung. Psychological Types.
Bollingen Series XX: The Collected Works of C G. Jung, Vol.
6. A Revision by R. F. C. Hull of the translation by H. G.
Baynes. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1971.
a II. Schiller's Ideas on the Type
Problem, at 68.
b Ibid., at
General Description of the Types, at
e Epilogue, at
Appendix: Four Papers on Psychological Typology, at
g Ibid., at
h Ibid., at