"'Don't talk about profit,'
said Mencius. 'It's Humanity and Duty that
matter. Emperors say How can I profit my nation? Lords
say How can I profit my house? And everyone else says How
can I profit myself? Then everyone high and low is
scrambling for profit, pitching the nation into grave danger.'"
"' . . . Unless they have a
livelihood, the common people will never have constant minds.
And without constant minds, they'll wander loose and wild. They'll
stop at nothing, and soon cross the law.'" [I.7]1b
"' . . . When chickens or dogs wander
away, people know enough to search for them, but when their heart
wanders away they don't. The Way of learning is nothing
other than this: searching for the heart that's wandered
"'The heart we all share longs to be
exalted. But the exalted is already there in us, though
we may not realize it. . . '" [XI.17]1d
"'The ten thousand things are all
there in me. And there's no joy greater than looking
within and finding myself faithful to them. Treat others as you
would be treated. Devote yourself to that, for there's no
more direct approach to Humanity.'" [XIII.4]1e
"' . . To rise at the cock's cry and chase
profits with untiring diligence -- that is to be a
follower of Chih the bandit. . . '" [XIII.25]1f
"'The people are the most
precious of all things. Next come the gods of soil and grain.
The sovereign matters least. . . '" [XIV.14]1g
Italics in the original.
1 Mencius. Mencius. Translated with an Introduction
by David Hinton. David Hinton, 1998. Washington, DC: COUNTERPOINT,
member of the Perseus Books Group.
a Emperor Hui Liang, Book One, I.1, at 3.
b Ibid., I.7, at 16.
c Master Kao, Book One, XI.11, at 207.
d Ibid., XI.17, at 210.
e To Fathom the Mind, Book One, XIII.4, at 236.
f Ibid., XIII.25, at 244.
g To Fathom the Mind, Book Two, XIV.14, at 261.