"Both [money and goods],
in excess, produce enmity and feuds in private and public life,
while a deficiency almost invariably leads to slavery."1a
"Money must not be deposited
with anybody whom one does not trust."1b
"There must be
lending at interest because it will be quite in order for the borrower to
absolutely to return both interest and principal."1c
" . . . [T]o be extremely
virtuous and exceptionally rich at the same time is absolutely out
of the question. 'Why?' . . . 'Because . . . the profit
from using just and unjust methods is more than
twice as much as that from just methods alone . . . '"1d
"Of all the things a man can call his
own, the holiest
(thought the gods are holier still) is his soul, his most intimate possession.
There are two elements that make up the whole of every man. One is stronger and superior,
and acts as master; the other, which is weaker and inferior, is a
slave . . .
[See Edward Ayoub's Quantum Theory
God willingly mask the truth behind appearance and deceive us by
his words or action? . . . [T]here's nothing of the lying poet in
God. . . God is entirely uniform and truthful."2a
Allegory of the cave.
"[H]ere's a situation
which you can use as an analogy for the human condition . . .
Imagine people living in a cavernous cell down under the ground .
. . They've been there since childhood, with their legs and necks tied
up . . . There's firelight burning . . . behind them . . . [T]he
shadows of artefacts would constitute the only
reality people in this situation would recognize."2b
" . . . [U]nderstanding
. . . is undoubtedly a property of something which is more divine: it never loses its power, and it
is useful and beneficial, or useless and harmful, depending on its
orientation. For example, surely you've noticed how
the petty minds of those who are acknowledged to be bad, but
clever, are sharp-eyed and perceptive enough to gain insights into matters they direct their attention towards. It's not as if they weren't sharp-sighted, but
their minds are forced to serve evil, and consequently
the keener their vision is, the greater the evil they
Plato (c. 427-347
Laws. Translated with an Introduction by Trevor J.
Saunders, 1970. Penguin Group.
Wealth (729), at 192.
The Possession of Money (742), at 211.
of Money (742), at 211.
of Money (743), at 212.
The Importance of Honouring the Soul, at 189-191.
Republic. Translated by Robin
Waterfield. Robin Waterfield, 1993. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Primary Education for the Guardians (382a-382c), at
The Supremacy of Good, Allegory of the Cave (514a-514c),
The Supremacy of
Good (518e-519a), at 245-246.